Thursday, May 5, 2011

Devanagari Consonants

DEVANAGARI CONSONANT PRONUNCIATION:

In Devanagari script, all consonants are organized into a very logical system as to where in the mounth they are pronounced. 

The first group consists of consonants that are produced at the back of the throat such as: ka, kha, ga, gha. The second group consist of consonants such as cha, chha, ja, jhaa and so on. The last group will consist of those consonants that are pronounced with lips such as: pa, pha, ba, bha, ma. These will be followed by semi-vowels ya, ra, la , va and these, accordingly, will be followed by the group of sibilants sha, Sha, sa and the last sound of the Devanagari syllabary is the aspirate "ha"

After the full Devanagari consonant list, the will be a table of the dotted characters. Dots are used to make a deeper, more articulate sound and are mostly met in words borrowed from the Persian language and Arabic. These type of words are mostly used in Urdu or formal Hindi (my observation, may not be the rule).

Dancers in Jaipure (photo: Aditya)

VELAR CONSONANTS :

कबूतर
kabootar
pigeon
खरगोश
khargosh

rabbit
गमला
gamlaa
flower pot
घड़ी
ghaRhy
watch, clock

PALATAL CONSONANTS:

चम्मच
chammach
spoon
छतरी
chhatry
umbrella
जहाज
jahaaj
ship
झंडा
jhanDaa
flag

RETROFLEX CONSONANTS (Tongue should be "curled", sound like sitar strings):

टमाटर
TamaaTar

tomato
ठेला
Thelaa

hand barrow
डमरू
Damroo

small hand drum
ढोलक
Dholak

drum

DENTAL CONSONANTS:

तोता
totaa
parrot
थर्मस
tharmas
thermos
दरवाज़ा
darvaazaa
door
धनुष
dhanuSh

bow
नमक
namak
salt

LABIAL CONSONANTS:

पाठ
paaTh
lesson
फल
phal

fruit
बस
bas
bus
भालू
bhaaloo
bear
मोर
mor
peacock

SEMI-CONSONANTS:

यज्ञ
yagya
sacrifice, offering
रथ
rath

chariot
लड़का
ladkaa
boy
वन
van
forest
SIBILANT CONSONANTS , , AND ASPIRATE  :


शेर
sher
lion
शतकोण
shatkoN
hexagon
सपेरा
saperaa
snake charmer
हाथी
haathee
elephant

DOTTED AND OTHER CONSONANTS (Usually rarely used): 
(Unfinished)
क़
क़लम
Kalam
pen
ख़
ख़बर
Khabar
news
ग़
ग़ज़ल
Gazal
ghazal
ज़
ज़िन्दगी
Zindagy
life
फ़
फ़ैसला
Faislaa
decision
ड़



ढ़









क्ष



श्र



ज्ञ



3 comments:

Anonymous said...

wow.. fantastic place to learn hidi.. thanks a lot!!!!!!

Vikalp Saxena said...
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Vikalp Saxena said...
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